With Global population rapidly increasing to reach 10 billion by 2050, the human race will face challenges in terms of water resource, food production and agricultural land. It is evident that traditional agriculture will not be sufficient to support the increasing demand for nutritional food. Will IoT solve this problem? Will it help the human race to survive amongst diverse situations?
In last few decades, humanity has seen that rapid growth in industrialisation with the help of technology advancements in every field. However even with this rapid transformation, the most difficult questions such as pure drinking water, nutritional food, climate change, and pollution are still unanswered. In fact, they are becoming even worse. Undoubtedly, agriculture is one of the oldest industry we know of. Except few, there have been very less advancements done in the field of agriculturing. Every year due to drought, flood or other calamities, the agriculture yield is just going down. With the rise of Internet of Things at every odd field, do we see if there’s scope to improve this situation?
The research firms have found that in the next 5 years agriculture sector will embrace the Internet of Things to improve the quality and yield of it’s output. Some of the biggest agriculture companies are coming together to invest more in IoT so even in diverse situations such as changing climate and lesser resources, the demand of nutritional food can be fulfilled. Some of the biggest agriculture industries have already adapted ways where IoT can improve their productivity.
With the global population going as high as 10 billion by 2050, problems with water resources, food production, agricultural land and quality food will only become worse. There are many ways in which IoT will help improve this situation.
Optimisation of Water Resources
Water resources are very limited, so proper use of water without wastage is very indispensable. IoT devices such as Hygrometer or Moisture sensor together with water pumps can deliver only required amount of water for crops. These devices can be fine tuned or “adjusted” so they can provide different amount of water to different type of soils and for different climatic situations.
Quick adaptability to Climate
The rapid changes in climate can result in poor quality of crops. This can be easily overcome by deploying climatic sensors such as Temperature & humidity sensors, Gas sensors etc. that can on real time monitor these climatic parameters which then can be used to take immediate remedies.
Pesticide and Insecticide control
Pests and insects causes huge agricultural loss every year. Not only they reduce the yield but also cause poor quality of crops. This can be tackled as well with the help of #IoT. On the other side, excessive amount of pesticide can cause food nutritions to go down and is not good for health. This can be very be taken care of by allowing IoT to control the sprinkling of these pesticides.
Real time monitoring
All this and much more can be monitored about the crops in real time with the help of IoT devices. Real time monitoring will help farmers and big agricultural companies to take immediate actions for varying situations.
Smart farming has really become the need of an hour and many firms have already realised that! If you are still not in those ones, then it’s time that we embrace IoT to improve our agriculturing!